Whats the weather been like in your neck of the woods?
Last weeks BLOG talked about some activities recommended to get a good start to the new Bee Season….
…activities such as planning and starting your inspections, monitoring mite levels and a hive inspection sheet to help you with record-keeping and of course, preparing for varroa treatments.
- did you get around to inspecting your hive?
- what did you find?
- what were your mite levels?
- did you record your findings?
We hope that you were inspired by that sunny weather and inspected.
Just remember…by inspecting and monitoring your hive, not only will you get to know how your hive works, you will begin to notice when things change.
You'll see trends, good and bad…here's some great advice from Gary “…you must know what NORMAL Looks life...”
This means that you will learn when things are NOT RIGHT!
– You must inspect your hive/s regularly over the Bee Season which means every 2 weeks.
– generally ‘Bee Season' runs from Spring to Autumn
Keeping records – did you down-load the free inspection sheet?
– its really helpful because you can plan each inspection and learn what trends are happening in your hive, it will add to your confidence in what you need to do next – always a bonus
Handy hint…if you've got more than 1 hive then it will help avoid confusion
Did you get a good handle on mite levels in your hive?
…anything over 20 and you need to treat
I have heard that ‘older' beekeepers, with respect, say ‘...you only need to treat once a year...' but unfortunately hives are not surviving, add to that the fact that current research shows that the varroa have now built up resistance to synthetic treatments! ( effectively they are becoming SUPER VARROA DESTRUCTOR, sounds like a horror movie )
Check out this video clip by Dr Mark Goodwin who talks about varroa resistance, pollination and makes some other interesting points about Bumble Bees:-
Should I treat?
Really, the question is ‘ what will happen if you don't? ‘
– I suggest that if your hive is new, then YES
Well In my view unless you know the exact history of your hive, not treating will be highly risky and potentially cost you the loss of your hive.
Handy Hint, Our view is choose organic treatments because of that very reason – alternate a couple of different ones.
If your hive has survived a few seasons you should be confident in what it needs, but always monitor and keep records because you don't really know what effects other hives in your local area may have on your hive!
Did you get the answer to my “hint = integrated”?
Its all about using different methods to manage your hive. The term being used is “Integrated Pest Management Program” (IPM). Such a program involves not only treatments but also the right hardware which helps the Bees manage their health within the hive, best practices recommended for the 21st century ‘modern' Beekeeper.
Gary has put together this picture as a handy general guide.
A good resource is a book written by Dr Mark Goodwin and Michelle Taylor of Plant and Food Research who say “...use an integrated pest management program…”
The book is titled : “Control of Varroa – A Guide for New Zealand Beekeepers” – it also covers other diseases like AFB – there are some great photos.
Here we go..an IPM is made up of ‘Best practice' which includes….
– treat regularly – every 3 months – our advice is treat every change of season
Spring – to start – 1st September
Summer – to keep on top – 1st December
Autumn – to keep ahead before winter – 1st March
Winter – to ensure survival – 1st June
A kiwimana meshboard – use all-year round – this will keep the hive free of mould and enable the Bees to moderate temperature within the hive.
Did you know that a solid-bottom board can cause the Beehive to over-heat in summer causing the death of Bees in the hive?
Good air circulation and fresh air in the hive is essential.
- manage drone cells – use a drone management frame so the workers will make drone comb, the queen will lay drone which you then can use to open cells and check for presence of mites – they love drones because they are a bigger feed and the mites breed in the cells – the male mite is clear and you will need a microscope to see it
Handy Hint, if the queen is laying worker eggs in these, it means you need to give her more space to lay.
- manage worker comb – as the new Bees emerge they leave behind a ‘casting' and within that casting there can be viruses left by mites, the viruses can spread quickly to new eggs and this will lead to Bees dying in their cells – the castings make the comb become dark and if left too long dark brown – standard recommendation is to remove darker comb and clean frames every three years at most.
Did you know that older comb does not melt well in your Solar Wax Extractor because of the old castings?
- mould – this is a result of condensation in the hive and the fact that the Bees are not able to moderate the air, it could also be that the population is so dense that heat is causing the condensation to increase. I was told by an older Beekeeper not to worry about mould on the frames and was told that “…the Bees will clean that up…” unfortunately that may well have been the case in the past but mould = disease and an unhealthy home
Did you know that mould is similar to condensation build-up in a bathroom caused by a hot-shower and leaving the windows shut, the mould causes black fungus to form on the ceilings and walls – is that what you want for your Bees?
- hive position –
would you build your house in a puddle?
Our advice is to keep your hives 20 to 30cm up off the ground – constant splash-up from rain is not helpful – not only do Bees get soaked and die, the hive entrance will constantly be wet making it difficult for the Bees to dry out the hive.
– prepare for a disease inspection AFB and complete before November
How can we help you?
kiwimana Product PLUG
Over the last 4 years we have been working on products and activities that help in the healthy management of our Beehives, we have, like a lot of Beekeepers had Bee Losses and from those losses we have designed and hand-built Beekeeping equipment and sourced products to help us avoid our losses.
We then field-test them and if they work we promote and sell those Beekeeping supplies (which helps us fund our Beekeeping activities and manage our Apiaries)
– kiwimana Drone Management Frame – designed to help us monitor our mites / easy to identify with green-coloured top-bar,
– kiwimana meshboard – macracarpa frame with a stain-less steel mesh which sits on solid treated timber 3 sided base, and an insertable/removeable inspection board accessible from the rear of the hive so as not to interfere with the Bees flight-path so you can do your monitoring or weather protection without needing to open the hive too much
– Beekeeper Services, in 2010 we took the DECA course so that we could manage our own hives effectively and this year we are offering our services to inspect your hives for AFB sign-off – we also offer site visits for general one-to-one learning and advice
We believe our products, used effectively, will help you in your beekeeping adventures.
check out our on-line shop for the above products
– Hive Stands
– ‘A' Frame Roof
– Wasp guards
– Entrance reducers
How can you help us?
You can help us with our beekeeping research by making a donation
Thanks so much for supporting kiwimana, you make everything we do worthwhile.
Enjoy Spring 2013
Its the kiwimana buzz…
She loves New Zealand native flora and fauna, her fav is the Kowhai...with Manuka honey close second ; )
Some of you may know that Margaret is a qualified Life Coach, she trained through the Coaching Academy in London and holds DipPC.Adv.